Halil is the Hebrew word for flute and Leonard Bernstein composed this music as a tribute to the young Israeli flautist Yadin Tanenbaum, who was killed in the Arab-Israeli war in 1973. “The music can be said to portray a war, and at the same time the overwhelming desire to live. But also the opportunity to find comfort in art, love and hope for peace. It is a kind of night music that starts with a twelve-tone series and ends with an ambiguous tonal chord,” said Bernstein himself about Halil.
When Arnold Schönberg, a leading figure of twelve tone music, wrote Verklärte Nacht – Transfigured Night – he was still in his early romantic or late romantic period. It was originally written for a string sextet and is still often performed like that. He himself made a version for a string orchestra in 1917, which he revised in 1943. He got inspiration from a poem with the same title by the poet and author Richard Dehmel. By this time, he had also met his future wife Mathilde von Zemlinsky, who had a considerable influence on him. The music vibrates with strong feelings, ecstasy, and fragile lines that sometimes intersect, all superbly balanced. It is sometimes painfully beautiful.
Maurice Ravel’s fiery, passionate Tzigane is hypervirtuoso music in the spirit of Paganini. It provides flashy musical fireworks with dramatic double grips, jumping bows, pizzicatos and dazzling high flageolets. He composed it for the Hungarian violinist Jelly d’Arányi and the accompaniment was intended for the luthéal, a kind of piano where the sound resembles the Hungarian cimbalom instrument, which suited the character of the piece.
A theme for the music at this concert is night, and nocturne is the musical term for music relating to the night. Mark-Anthony Turnage’s Nocturne, performed here for the first time, has been arranged by Malmö Chamber Music for Håkan Hardenberger and Musica Vitae.
Claude Debussy had a rare ability to bring out new sounds from the piano, which resulted in contemporaries sometimes being almost frightened but also marvelling at his talent. This relatively early nocturne opens with simple mysterious motifs in a low registry that launch strong, upward arpeggios. It is music that is still in the 19th century romantic piano tradition, but at the same time heads in the direction of the subsequent impressionism.
Photo: Mathilde Calderini ©Jean-Baptiste Millot
FRI 21 SEP 9 p.m. St Andreas church
Free entry – first come, first served!
In collaboration with The Church of Sweden in Malmö
Claude Debussy Nocturne L 89
Simon Crawford-Phillips, piano
Maurice Ravel La Tzigane
Malin Broman, violin and leader; Xavier de Maistre, harp; Musica Vitae
Leonard Bernstein Halil
Conductor: Simon Crawford-Phillips
Mathilde Calderini, flute; Xavier de Maistre, harp; Malin Broman, violin; Lennart Gruvstedt; percussion; Johan Bridger, percussion; Patrick Raab, percussion; Anders Hassgård, percussion; Thomas Widlund, percussion; Johan Söderholm, percussion; Johanna Zetterqvist, flute; Marta Torkilsdottir Melander, flute; Musica Vitae
Mark-Anthony Turnage Nocturne First performance!
Håkan Hardenberger, trumpet; Malin Broman, violin and leader; Musica Vitae
Arnold Schönberg Verklärte Nacht
Malin Broman, violin; Malin Broman, violin and leader; Musica Vitae